Leading the ESTABLISHMENT AND ADOPTION OF TRUSTED, FREE & OPEN DATA STANDARDS ACROSS THE EDUCATION DOMAIN SINCE 1997
M U L T I P L E S T A K E H O L D E R S . O N E V I S I O N .
Guiding Principles of
PESC GEO CODE
1. INTENT & USE
To provide a unique value, number or code THE GEO CODE for all known postsecondary (tertiary) colleges and universities for use by organizations that require a trusted and reliable source value (number or code) when exchanging or transmitting electronic student data.
PESC and the GEO CODE Steering Committee & User Group have full control over which institutions are added and listed in the GEO CODE directory service. Users within the education community exchanging digital records and using the GEO CODE may request additions and corrections to GEO CODE data.
3. PHASE IMPLEMENTATION
Phase 1 focuses on colleges and universities and GEO CODE assignment is made country by country as prioritized by the User Group and Steering Committee until all colleges and universities are assigned a GEO CODE. Phase 2 expands to all education organizations within a country.
4. MINIMUM GEO CODE REQUIREMENTS
For a college or university to be assigned a GEO CODE in the directory, the minimum data required are a unique institution name and location.
Institution location can be a city, state, province, postal code, or a fully articulated address.
Institution Name must be listed in both the native language (for non-English speaking countries) and in English. Additional data may also be included, such as URL, former name, native indices within the country of origin, and other information that may be provided by ministries of education for the country of reference, or other sources deemed reliable.
5. GEO CODE FORMAT
The format of the GEO CODE is seven (7) digits:
- two (2) character ISO country code, followed by a
- five (5) digit alpha numeric value
6. INSTITUTION STATUS
Each college and university within a country is indicated as either active or inactive. A reason code and explanation is provided for those with an inactive status.
7. NOT ACCREDITATION
There is no implied validity, accreditation, legal status or other official standing for institutions included in the GEO CODE service. The GEO CODE represents only the existence of the institution and provides the ability to identify that institution within an electronic data exchange transaction set. Sending and receiving parties utilizing GEO CODEs acknowledge the mutually agreed upon index assignments.
8. DIPLOMA MILLS
In addressing diploma mills and/or institutions that may be known as such, the GEO CODE directory may include diploma mills, if those diploma mills are known.
9. SOURCES OF DATA
Various sources have been used to list institutions in the GEO CODE directory. In collaboration with AACRAO, EMREX and Erasmus Without Paper, many trusted additions have been made to the GEO CODE directory. The GEO CODE Steering Committee & User Group also target countries in which institution lists may not exist or be readily available; and in these instances, Wikipedia is used. For the countries in which Wikipedia is used, manual review verifies the existence of each institution, including the address, and the URL and Wikipedia has demonstrated, with validation, to be an extremely reliable source of data. Sharing these ‘wiki-lists’ with informed parties is the last step to final inclusion in the GEO CODE directory and in the absence of other reliable data, Wikipedia will continue to be used.
10. MATCHING AND DUPLICATION
Once a GEO CODE has been assigned to an institution, that GEO CODE is not be available for reuse. For duplicates, a new entry will be considered duplicate if the institution name, city and country are identical to a GEO CODE already listed in the directory.
11. USAGE IN PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
To facilitate adoption, implementation and usage of GEO CODE and promote its benefits, GEO CODE is being added by PESC through the Standards Development Forum for Education as TransmissionData.Source.Organization.ID to all PESC APPROVED STANDARDS. PESC encourages all institutions, service providers, government agencies and vendors to adopt, implement and use the GEO CODE.
12. AACRAO & THE GRONINGEN DECLARATION NETWORK
PESC, the GEO CODE Steering Committee & User Group include participation and representatives from both AACRAO & the Groningen Declaration Network; and through open discussion, collaboration, webinars and presentations, these guiding principles are presented and vetted to both communities to ensure broad applicability and acceptance.
To address the critical need for accuracy and maintenance of GEO CODEs, the Steering Committee & User Group have planned a rolling 5-year review process for each entry in the GEO CODE directory. To accelerate updating of information, users can also submit UPDATES and/or CORRECTIONS to PESC for the GEO CODE directory listings.
G E O C O D E . P E S C . O R G
PESC GEO CODE
GLOBAL EDUCATION ORGANIZATION CODE
PESC GEO CODE
Improves Data Quality & Integrity
Decreases Risk of Fraud & Abuse
Streamlines Processing & Faster
Delivery of Student Data & Results
As a Best Practice,
Makes Transfer and Articulation
Processes More Efficient
The Service is Free,
Unlike Other Services Which Are Provided
on a Subscription-Paid Basis
The Service is Designed
with an Open Architecture Using
Standardized Web Services
The Service is Proven and Trusted
As Institutions & Organizations
Are Already Using the
PESC GEO Code in Production
Processing Thousands of Files
Provides Developers a Trusted Solution
As Institution or Source Code is Needed
in Nearly Every Application and System
is governed by a
PESC User Group &
For more information on the
User Group or Steering Committee,
please visit the
PESC GEO CODE User Group Page.
GEO CODE is a 'look-up' service offered & operated by PESC & directly managed by PESC Members. The foundation of the service is a directory 'look up' server listing active and inactive institutions, including historical data, additional demographic and identifier data. Countries currently listed:
- 125+ countries as of April 22, 2019.
>> HOW DID GEO CODE START?
GEO CODE began as a project of PESC's Global Data Mobility User Group (the GDM launched at Spring 2016 Data Summit). At the first GDM meeting, the need for a single institution code set surfaced as one of the highest priorities. With today's technological innovation, and open, transparent collaboration (the cornerstone of PESC's foundation and guiding principle) and having finally reached the tipping point whereby most experts agree that such a code set is not only needed, but now impacts data quality, cost and fraud, all contribute to the conclusion that such a list is now a necessity.
>> WHO IS INVOLVED WITH GEO CODE?
GEO CODE is currently in proof of concept phase and includes a growing number of countries. While a directory is currently being built, added on to, and maintained, the University of Southern California has integrated components of this service as a PILOT into production. PESC has also partnered with AACRAO, Educational Credential Evaluators and the Groningen Declaration Network.
>> HOW IS GEO CODE GOVERNED?
The GEO CODE User Group established a Steering Committee in 2017 at the Spring 2017 Data Summit, ultimately governed by the PESC Board of Directors, to administer more direct management, oversight and strategic planning of GEO CODE. The Steering Committee is made up of nine (9) PESC Member representatives, is diverse, representing the various sectors across education, is semi-autonomous, and is responsible for the overall management of GEO CODE.
>> THE CURRENT STATUS OF GEO CODE?
GEO CODE is in proof of concept phase and is being piloted by the University of Southern California and IERF. This proof of concept entails establishment of a unique Global Education Code using seven (7) digits:
- Two (2) digit ISO country code, plus
- Five (5) digit automated, alphanumeric code
To test this approach and underlying methodology, the User Group is assigning this unique Global Institution Code to institutions as it adds and enters them into the directory. The University of Southern California has already integrated components of this service into production as a pilot.
>> HOW MUCH DOES GEO CODE COST?
GEO CODE is still in development stage and therefore, no service is available at this time. The User Group envisions availability sometime in 2018. As a driving principle and in alignment with PESC’s mission, use of the Global Education Code will be free and open to the education community.
>> HOW DO I GET INVOLVED W/ GEO CODE?
The GEO CODE User Group, now in partnership with AACRAO and the Groningen Declaration Network, is open to its Signatories and delegates free of charge (previously the User Group was limited to PESC Members).
There are three main ways to participate:
1) contribute a list and/or help improve the list with updates and corrections
2) participate in quarterly community conference calls to stay informed
3) endorse or partner with PESC
Please join the User Group's Community calls held every quarter. For more information, please contact the PESC office.
digital look-up of
codes & identifiers
automation & links
Unique, Trusted, Global Codes
GLOBAL EDUCATION ORGANIZATION CODE
is a free, open and standardized directory
of codes & identifiers for institutions
and education organizations.
G E O C O D E . P E S C . O R G
April 3, 2019
What is PESC GEO Code?
Global Education Organization (GEO) Code is
>> SEVEN (7) DIGITS <<
Two (2) digits
ISO country code
Five (5) digits
automated, alphanumeric code
A Unique, Voluntary, Master Code
Free, Friendly, Automated, Global