PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
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PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

eXtensible Markup Language. All XML standards are listed below.  XML, an offshoot of Standard Generalized Markup Language or SGML, is a programming language created in 1998.  PESC Approved Standards in XML, governed & maintained by PESC, are comprised of:  XML schema, Implementation Guide, Instance Documentation.  Dependent on when developed & released, each is based on a specific version of:  the Academic Record Sector, Core Main Components, & PESC's XML Technical Specification.

PDF - Portable Document Format is a technology enabling the exchange of digital documents and data.  The PESC Approved PDF Standard version 1.0 released February 7, 2007 supports the traditional exchange of PDF documents and enables the actual data to be included in the exchange as well.

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS


  • are available openly and free of charge for education, teaching, learning, workforce, health, medical, military and government communities - the cornerstone principle of PESC, PESC's Mission & Membership.

  • are Workgroup developed, approved, ratified and maintained through an open, transparent, rigorous, community-based, collaborative process, including a public notification when development initiates and a formal 30-day public comment period before approval all governed by PESC Members.  

  • are platform and application neutral; used, implemented, adopted and integrated in systems, networks, applications, products & services; are hub & spoke and web services friendly; support a transaction or business process;​ can be implemented or used one independently from another.​​​



​PESC APPROVED STANDARDS


One PESC APPROVED STANDARD (e.g. the High School Transcript) may be made available in several different technologies (e.g. EDI & XML), providing more technical choice for a user of PESC APPROVED STANDARDS


The EDI, JSON, PDF & XML data modeling guidelines & specifications, definitions and business processes are aligned and governed under PESC's Standards Development Forum for Education.  This alignment instills trust between different technologies, enables reliable data mapping across different technologies, and ensures data quality & integrity across different technologies.



PESC APPROVED STANDARDS


PESC APPROVED STANDARDS, Technology & Services are community-sourced and driven by PESC serving as an incubator to pilot and launch data standards using an open, transparent and collaborative process; and by PESC serving as an open, data standards-development and open, data standards-setting body.  

PESC governs resource mapping and maintenance of education eco-system taxonomies, schemas and shared code sets in various technologies (e.g. EDI, XML, PDF, JSON) produced and released as 
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS.


FREE & OPEN STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT


PESC’s standards development model welcomes the

entire community to help develop lifelong data standarda!

PESC Workgroups (or Development Workgroups) looking to produce a PESC APPROVED STANDARD – XML, JSON, JSON-LD, etc., are now fully free & open, meaning everyone can participate whether a PESC Member or not.  Eligibility to serve as Chair (or Co-Chair) and the right to vote on the Workgroup, however, is only available to PESC Member organizations on the Workgroup.


As PESC relies on Members to help fund and drive PESC, reserving leadership roles and voting rights for PESC Members – the stakeholders most likely to adopt and implement standards – provides a fairer and more equitable voice.

PESC looks to capture the best wisdom and intelligence from the broadest group within the community to inform its development process, and thereby produce more robust, usable, ‘lifelong learning’ data standards.  Prohibiting non-Member organizations and stakeholders from participating and contributing ideas and efforts, when they are willing to but not yet ready to become a Member, does not serve PESC or the community.

With this PESC Workgroup model, the entire community is now welcome and able to participate in PESC Workgroups and the mission of data standardization can now be adopted broadly and widely.  PESC Members continue to serve as the leaders and funders of PESC, enabling PESC to offer all data standards free and without charge.

​For use of PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
the PESC Website & PESC Work Products 

in which you do not mention or

provide attribution to PESC:


use, access and downloading of 
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS 
are provided openly and free of charge.


You can also develop

derivative products and services from

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS 
and you are responsible for any use of 
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS you make.



FOR XML 


PESC APPROVED STANDARDS


For XML, PESC APPROVED STANDARDS include:


  • XML schema that outline data file design & record structure
  • Implementation Guides that explain & describe adoption, integration & use
  • Instance Documents that display examples based on sample data​ (This mandate is a recent requirement and may not be included in some.)


Dependent on when developed and released, each are based on specific versions of:


The Academic Record is an XML schema that contains a dictionary of element type definitions that can be used to construct and validate XML messages. The library contains element types that are specific to information about a student's academic experience and accomplishments.  

Core Main is also an XML schema that contains a dictionary of common element type definitions that can be used to construct and validate XML messages.


​The PESC XML Technical Specification outlines PESC XML Schema Structure, development methodology and design rules.


FOR EDI 

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

While PESC has adopted certain EDI standards as PESC APPROVED STANDARDS and hosts corresponding EDI Implementation Guides, users must obtain the EDI standards from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).  For more information, please see the Introduction & Overview of SPEEDE/ExPRESS.





Terms & Conditions of PESC Membership & 

Use of PESC Intellectual Property (IP) 


Intellectual Property (IP) Policy &

User Agreement










PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

THE VALUE OF STANDARDS


A voluntary, consensus-based approach to data standards development, approval & maintenance is the most successful method.  A groundbreaking report from the Delphi Group in 2003, from which PESC based most of its strategy and operations, highlights the value of standards and key factors on community views and perceptions of standards bodies.


Electronic Transcript Exchange:  Benefits and Experiences of Early Postsecondary Adopters

Eduventures, October 2012


Value of Standards

Delphi Group, 2003


Value of Standards in Indiana

Indiana Commission for Higher Education


Certification

Andrew Updegrove


A Business Case for the Electronic Exchange of Student Records

SPEEDE/ExPRESS, April 1997



What is a voluntary consensus standard?


​For some, voluntary consensus standard (also called Non-Government Standard) is a statutory or regulatory obligation.  For others, the term ‘voluntary’ creates a perception of a wide-open, unstandardized market in which closed, proprietary applications and services reign; and access and control of data, serve as the value propositions to attract customers and clients.

The most important concepts to understand about voluntary consensus standards:


  1. - Voluntary consensus standards refer to data to be exchanged, shared, reported, sold and/or licensed between at least two separate and independent parties.

  2. - While the value of voluntary consensus standards lies in the open, transparent, neutral and balanced process in place in the user community to participate (equally), develop, produce and maintain a standard, the value proposition is based in costs-savings, return on investment, improved data quality and efficiencies gained in overall data management and service delivery.

  3. - Federal rules and regulations clearly articulate the roles and responsibilities for all Federal agencies with regard to voluntary consensus standards and Government-Unique Standards, including annual reporting to the Department of Commerce.

  4. - Voluntary consensus standards are governed by standards-setting bodies that operate on a voluntary consensus-based model.

  5. - A voluntary consensus standard can be mandated or required by an authoritative entity and emerges as a best practice model.

  6. - A Government-Unique or proprietary standard can become a voluntary consensus standard.


The U.S. General Accounting Office describes voluntary consensus standard in a summary of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) https://www.gao.gov/new.items/rc00122t.pdf:

“Government standards are developed by individual federal agencies for their own use. Although unique government standards sometimes are appropriate, such as standards for certain specialized military equipment, in other cases, a voluntary standard would suffice. This creates duplication for industry, which may have to provide two lines of production to meet both government and private needs and can put U.S. companies at a disadvantage in international trade.”

The major challenge for standards-development bodies and standards-setting bodes, like PESC, is maintaining a trusted, open, transparent, neutral, balanced and free voluntary consensus standard that in essence “levels the playing field,” while simultaneously promoting innovation in a market that may perceive the voluntary consensus standard as merely anti-competitive or optional compared to other technical standards.


From a Federal Agency perspective, there may be a lack of confidence in the utility, timeliness and sustainability of a voluntary standard and inconsistence guidance in existing statute, rules and regulations.







 

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

JSON - Java Script Object Notation.​  PESC Compliant JSON v 1.0 released March 8, 2019.

>> NEW <<

JSON version 1.0

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

EDI

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

PDF

PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

DOCUMENTATION & DOWNLOADS


Free & Open Voluntary Consensus Standards

JSON

XML

MULTIPLE STAKEHOLDERS. ONE VISION.

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PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

EDI or Electronic Data Interchange.  All EDI Standards are listed below.  First introduced in 1968, EDI is a technology for exchanging organized or structured data, using agreed upon protocols and standards from one computer system to another without human intervention. While PESC has adopted certain EDI standards as PESC Approved Standards and hosts corresponding EDI Implementation Guides, users must obtain the EDI standards from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).  For more information, please see the Introduction and Overview of SPEEDE/ExPRESS

>> NEW <<

XML Request & Response v 1.0

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PESC 20th Annual Best Practices Competition
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS
PESC APPROVED STANDARDS

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